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Tuesday, August 26, 2008

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Mukhtasar Zaadul Ma'aad

Imaam Ibnul Qayyim Al Jawziyyah

Summarized by Shaykh Muhammad Ibn 'Abdil Wahhaab

Regarding His Guidance In Reciting The Quraan

 

He (صلى الله عليه و سلم) would not fail to recite his regular hizb, and his recitation was slow and pleasant, letter by letter, and he would cut off his recitation at the end of each Verse. He (صلى الله عليه و سلم) would prolong it when he recited the Madd letters. So, he would prolong the recitation of the words Ar Rahmaan and Ar Raheem. He would seek refuge in Allaah (تعالى) at the start of his recitation, saying:

أَعُوذُ بِاللّهِ مِنَ الشَّيطانِ الرَّجِيمِ

"I seek refuge with Allaah from the accursed Devil."

Sometimes he might say:

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ مِنْ هَمْزِهِ وَ نَفْخِهِ وَ نَفْثِهِ

"Oh Allaah! I seek refuge with You from the accursed Devil, from his prompting (his madness), from his blowing (his pride) and from his spittle (his poetry)."

 He (صلى الله عليه و سلم) used to seek refuge before recitation. He used to love to listen to the Quraan recited by someone else and he commanded Ibn Mas'ood (رضي الله عنه) to recite and he did so while the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) listened and he was so humbled by listening to his recitation that his eyes filled with tears.

He (صلى الله عليه و سلم) would recite while standing, sitting, lying down, while in a state of ritual purity, having performed wudhoo, and in a state of ritual impurity, but not while he was junub. He would recite in a clear and pleasant tone, and sometimes he'd cause his voice to reverberate.

Ibn Mughaffal (رضي الله عنه) reported that he (صلى الله عليه و سلم) made it reverberate three times thus: "aa aa aa."

{Saheehul Bukhaaree}

When this is combined with the words of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم), "Beautify the Quraan with your voices," and his words, "Allaah doesn't listen to a Prophet as He (تعالى) listens to a Prophet who recites the Quraan in a pleasant tone."

{Bukhaaree, Muslim, Aboo Daawud, An Nasaaee}

One can see that this reverberation was deliberate on his (صلى الله عليه و سلم) part, not due to the shaking of his she-camel. If it were not the case, Ibn Mughaffal (رضي الله عنه) would not have reported that it was voluntary, in order that he be emulated, for he said, "He  (صلى الله عليه و سلم) used to cause his voice to reverberate during recitation."

Reciting pleasantly and slowly (Taghanni) is of two types:

  • The First: That which is entailed by reciting naturally, without effort; this is permissible, even though he (صلى الله عليه و سلم) embellished his natural voice by making it beautiful, as Aboo Moosaa Al Ash'ari (رضي الله عنه) said to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم): "If I had known that you were listening, I would have beautified my recitation for you." This is what the Salaf (رضي الله عنهم) used to do, and all of the evidences prove it.
  • The Second: That which is artificial and is the product of learning, as one learns to sing using all types of invented airs and meters which were disliked by the Salaf (رضي الله عنهم) and the evidences of it being disliked are concerning this.

Vocabulary:

  1. Hizb: One Sixtieth of the Quraan.
  2. Madd Letters: Long vowels ي  و ا whose pronunciation is drawn out when recited in the Quraan.
  3. Junub: In a state of major ritual impurity, following sexual intercourse or nocturnal emission, in such a state, a person is required to perform ghusl (washing of the whole body).

Reference:

Zaadul Ma'aad by Ibnul Qayyim al Jawziyyah رحمه الله تعالى

Summarized By Shaykh Muhammad Ibn 'Abdil Wahhaab رحمه الله تعالى

Pages 90 – 92

Vocabulary taken from footnotes #1, & 2 of page 90, and #1 of page 91.

 

Umm Su'aad Haneefah

KSA



" Baaraka-Allaahu Feekum - wa sal-Allaahu wa-sallam 'alaa Nabiyyinaa Muhammad, was-Salaam 'alaykum wa-Rahmatullaahi wa-Barakaatuhu.   
Ummismail                             
 
 
 

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